Author: INVOmain

International Day of Non-Violence

International Day of Non-Violence Freemuslim Association Inc., calls upon the international community to cooperate to end all wars According to the United Nation’s General Assembly resolution A/RES/61/271 October 2nd marks the anniversary of international day of Non-violence. This day is an opportunity and a reminder for policy makers, international community to review the positive impacts we as the international community have been able to apply towards innocent people in need. It is also an opportunity to analyze our shortcomings and make tangible plans to reverse the damage extremism groups have done throughout the past years. Millions of innocent Women,...

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Muharram Security and Protection for Minorities in Saudi Arabia

In a letter to His Highness the Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman, Freemuslim calls to secure Shia Ashura Decrees With the month of Muharram, the anniversary of the martyrdom of the tribe of greatest messenger of Imam Hussein, the prayers of God to them, on the 10th of the month of Muharram, invites the global Muslim organization Freemuslim His Highness Prince Mohammed Bin Salman to the effort to secure the revival of Shiite citizens of Al-hussainia rites in the kingdom and to facilitate all the special procedures of this religious occasion The organization draws attention to the exposure of...

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Left-wing terrorist groups

This group seeks to replace the entire political, social, and economic system of a state by introducing a communist or socialist structure and a classless society30. In 2016, left wing extremists groups remained a threat to the European member states. These groups choose to reside in certain areas in EU; they have established specific community centers where they can attack individuals. Left-wing terrorist groups can be found in Italy, Greece and Spain. Italy: In 2016, there were a total of 16 attacks carried out by left wing terrorist groups. The majority of the attacks were carried out using unsophisticated incendiary/explosive devices (IID/IEDs). Eight people in the region were arrested as suspects. Greece: Left-wing groups in this area have retained their operational capabilities as well as their access to weapons. In 2016, they carried out six attacks involving the use of IEDs, firearms and grenades. Spain: Left-wing terrorist activities in this area remain low level. In 2016, fivc attacks occurred but they did not involve any sophisticated IEDs or firearms. The number of arrests continues to increase in this area, which explains why these groups have minimal...

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Right-Wing Terrorist Groups

Right-wing terrorist groups: These groups seek to replace the entire political, social, and economic system but on the basis of an extremist right wing model. The core idea of this group is supremacy, in which one group, race, and religion is superior to all other people26. Right wing groups have also taken on a xenophobic and islamophobia position to spread fear and concern in Europe. The rise of right-wing extremist groups is poorly researched in comparison to ethno-nationalist and separatist groups. Where there are about 2,110 cases of ethno-nationalist and separatist groups, there are about 4 or 5 reports on the attacks of right-wing extremists27. There are several contributing factors that explain the decline of attacks by this group. In Ravndal’s research in 2016, he identifies seven types of right-wing terrorists. 1. Organized groups: known entities with five or more members whose association primarily relies on a strong commitment to right-wing politics 2. Affiliated members: organized groups acting on their own 3. Autonomous cells: clandestine entity of two to four members whose association primarily relies on a strong commitment to right-wing politics 4. Gangs: informal constellations of three or more acquaintances with a general right-wing commitment, but whose loose association primarily relies on social bonds, e.g. skinhead gangs and racist youth gangs. 5. Unorganized: two or more perpetrators with no known association to any specific right-wing group, cell, or...

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Ethno-nationalist & Separatist Groups

Ethno-nationalist and separatist groups are motivated by nationalism, ethnicity and religion. There are four different types of ethno-nationalist and separatist groups that pose a threat to Europe’s political system. 1. Dissident Republican groups: Dissident republican groups pose an immediate threat to Europe’s political system. There are three main groups in Northern Ireland: the Continuity IRA (CIRA), the new IRA and Óglaigh na hÉireann (ONH). These groups have the capacity to cause immense destruction, with weapons like under-vehicle IEDs and explosives. In 2016 alone, there were at least 76 attempted attacks, four of which were successful. In May of 2016, the United Kingdom government upgraded the threat from this group from moderate to substantial. The threat of this group remains high and will affect Europe regardless if some groups lose power. 2. PKK (Kongra Gel)/KCK: This ethno nationalist group targets Turkish institutions. France reported that there were five IED attacks against Turkish institutions in 2016. Germany also reported that there were significant amount of demonstrations for and against the PKK. In this region, the PKK also damaged Turkish institutions. Areas like Italy, Switzerland, and Romania have also described the growing influence of this party. 3. Euskadi ta askatasuna (ETA): Even after the ceasefire on October 11, 2011, this group still has influence over northern Spain and southwestern France. In 2016, five separatist terrorist actions were reported, and this group happened...

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