Shaikh M.T. Baqir
into Peace all of you
the historians unanimously agree that people of Mecca did not fight back
at the Islamic invasion. They accepted Islam without the least
resistance. What happened at the invasion? How did they give up the
bitter struggle against the messenger of Allah and against Muslims?
tell us that the prophet (pbuh) ordered his companions and the army
leaders to surround Mecca and enter through all its gates. They were
ordered not to fight and an announcement was heard:
is the day of mercy. Today the sanctuary is protected". Despite the
hostility and hatred demonstrated by Abi Sufian who waged wars on the
Muslims, the prophet’s respond was forgiveness. So he (pbuh) allowed
Abi Sufain to inform the people of Mecca that they were safe if they
entered the holy mosque or their homes or Abi Sufian’s home.
the Muslims entered Mecca with tears in their eyes, out of great joy not
for victory or for their return to their homes or for achieving
authority but for the help of Allah through a unique pattern of victory
in history: through tolerance, an amnesty, non – violence attitude and
listening to other’s opinion.
first thing the prophet (pbuh) and his companions performed was bowing
down in gratitude to the Almighty Allah for the victory which was free
of violence, destruction and killing. History did not mention clashes or
violence or confiscation of property or any incident similar to what the
invaders do when they achieve victory.
History tells us that they headed directly towards
the holly Kaaba and circled round it without any fear.
the messenger of Allah began breaking down all the idols. Thus the era
of change started with the spread of the banner of Islam. After that the
prophet (pbuh) announced the human rights chart. He addressed the
attendants with an eloquent speech saying:
people, through Islam, the Almighty has purified you of the ignorance
era pride in forefathers and tribes. You are all from Adam and Adam is
from earth (mud). The best of you all to Allah are the most pious.»
he (pbuh) said, «Go away, you are all free.»
was not the only humanitarian stance in the prophet’s life and
tradition. He was always concerned in performing actual brotherhood,
justice and reformation, setting up a community based on respect of
belief and respect of the other’s opinion even if it were hurting.
throughout his life, he (pbuh) experienced situations of non –
violence with all whether they were with him or against him. Through
such Divine attitude supported by the Almighty he achieved victory
throughout his battles. All people accepted the concepts of monotheism,
justice and tolerance. History never mentions incidents of violence
performed by the prophet against some one. On the contrary he suffered
hardships inflicted by his relatives, wives, hypocrites and enemies. He
used to face that, saying: «Oh, my Lord guide my people to the right
path, they do not know what they are doing.»
this sacred occasion of his birthday, we call the Muslim community to:
– hold cultural conferences and symposiums to review and study the
prophetic tradition and the prophet's style of ruling and reformation.
– have the responsibility and direct people towards non – violence
attitude in the Muslim community.
– listen to the other’s opinion even if it is hurting.
– try to respect the others and avoid words that degrade them.
– pardon whenever possible and never to involve in matters that create
troubles in the Muslim states.
one should avoid every kind of violence and terrorism whatever the
reasons are. Violence should be replaced with merit of non - violence.
usually achieve progress when justice is applied with the least death
sentences against the oppressed people.
is our responsibility and we will all be called to account on the other
day. Violence breeds violence and good behaviour is met with good behaviour.
the Name of Allah The Compassionate the Merciful