United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP)
Like France, the UK has experienced many changes in the political sphere. The right-wing populist party United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP) has had tremendous influence in the region. Founded in 1993, UKIP is widely known for rejecting further integration with European Union and promoting conservatism. For years, the party has been under the charismatic leadership of Nigel Farage. The party saw its first successes at the election of the European parliament, which took place in 2011.
Since 2011, there has been a lot of changes to the right wing populist party. In 2016 the Brexit campaign pressured the government to either remain or leave the EU altogether. The Brexit campaign was precipitated by the UKIP, and now remains as a sign that most of Europe is divided on European integration12. The EU referendum results showed that the UK voted to leave the EU by 52% to 48%. Following the success of Brexit and the party’s accomplishments, Farage decided to leave the party. The lack of leadership has led to the party’s demise; whereby, the party lost thirty seats and failed to win a single contest in the local elections13. Despite this fact, the remaining supporters of UKIP and the contentious support for Brexit are a threat to Europe’s liberal democracy. In most cases, those who supported Brexit will continue to vote against migration and economic globalism. In the end, the UKIP party reflects the willingness of Britain voters to adopt similar measures in other party systems.